Dactyloscopy and Cheiloscopy and Human Personality: Does Fingers and lips speak of a man ?
It is quite intriguing and interesting to find a correlation between lip print, finger print and personality of an individual. Also, in this era of technology and advancements someday just by obtaining lip print and finger print we might be able carve the personality of a person.
The professional obligation of dental surgeon to mankind is not only to serve in examination, investigation, diagnosis and treatment of oral and orofacial lesions of local origin, and oral manifestations of systemic diseases, but also to serve in other community services and legal matters as well. Forensic identification by its nature is a multidisciplinary approach relying on positive identification methodology as well as presumptive or exclusionary methodologies which deals with proper handling and examination of dental findings.The wrinkles and grooves on labial mucosa, called as sulci labiorum forms a characteristic pattern called as lip prints and the study of which is referred to as Cheiloscopy. In 1902, the biological phenomenon of systems of furrows and prints on the human lips was first noted and described by anthropologist R.S Fischer. However, until 1950’s they were not assumed to have any forensic use. In 1970, Suchhiahashi Y.T and Suzuki.T examined persons lip prints at the department of Forensic Odontology at Tokyo University and established that the arrangement of lines and prints on the lips is individual and unique for each human being.
Fingerprints are the patterns visible on human fingers, palms and the soles of feet. The study of finger print is known as Dactyloscopy. More technically they are ridge patterns on friction ridge skin that are created by the arrangement of various elements (such as sweat glands, nerves, blood vessels and fat cells) within the dermis. These Friction ridges are the results of accidental arrangements that occur during gestation. They are unique and individual (even between identical twins). They are also unchanging throughout life except in cases of severe skin damage. Personality/character of an individual can be defined as the patterns of behavior, thought and emotion and the ways they interact to help or hinder the adjustment of a person to other people and situations. Like lip print and finger print, personality is also unique to an individual.
Numerous scientific studies have been carried out correlating the finger print with that of character of a person, but there exist no study correlating lip print with character of person. Few studies exists correlating lip print with finger pattern and there are rarely any studies correlating these parameters with personality/character of an individual.So this study was done to record the lip print and finger print pattern with the character of a person to elucidate unique combination of lip and finger pattern existence and to know whether this bears any relation to the individual’s character. The present study was performed with a holistic approach relating these parameters and intended to utilize these unique parameters in investigation procedures reconstructing the events step by step and joining one link to the other that could give a clue about the suspects in criminal investigation procedures. These things will surely instigate the brain of investigator to look for persons who show these characters and the search can revolve around them, narrowing down the search for suspect. It is like step-by-step approach towards the criminal and finally the most important the “truth”.